1/3/2021 New book on the natural history of Mount Rainier National Park
By: Frederica Bowcutt
Naturalist and author Jeff Antonelis-Lapp’s new book Tahoma and Its People on the natural history of Mount Rainier National Park was published last spring by Washington State University Press. The book covers a wide range of topics, including the presence of Native Americans at the mountain for over 9,000 years, and the effects of climate change that extend far beyond the retreating glaciers. Antonelis-Lapp is a retired professor of The Evergreen State College who taught environmental education for many years.
2/28/2018 Interested in a Scientific Illustration program over the Summer?
By: Sam Mejia
We are happy to share a new 4-credit “Introduction to Scientific Illustration” program for the Summer 2018 quarter taught by natural science illustrator Sharon Birzer. In this program you will cover a basics of digital tools for the creation of support material. Freshman-Seniors are welcome to enroll and maximum enrollment is 25 students.
The focus of this fundamental course is drawing, from gestural sketching to precision rendering of illustrations for scientific purposes. Each student is given the opportunity to render selected subjects in a variety of demonstrated techniques. The class utilizes Evergreen’s unique facilities such as the natural history collections and teaching gardens, allowing students access to excellent reference material to work from. Students will also have the opportunity to draw in the field within the nearly 1,000 acres of native forest reserves surrounding campus. Students can choose to illustrate special objects from their personal collections as well. A site/field visit to the Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge provides an opportunity to practice field journaling and provides varied subject matter from which to draw. Students will progress towards creating a final project to be displayed in a small exhibit at the end of the course.
Below are three pieces of Sharon’s artwork. We would like to thank her for sharing her artwork with the museum.
If you would like to start practicing your drawing techniques now, please feel free to come into the museum in Lab 1 1060 on Wednesdays from 1-5pm or please email the fellows or assistant collections manager to arrange a time to use our specimen.
For more information, please visit: Introduction to Scientific Illustration – Summer 2018
02/01/2018 “Blue Carbon: A Story from the Snowhomish Estuary”
The video: “Blue Carbon: A Story from the Snohomish Estuary” features RAE and EarthCorps staff, volunteers and local partners telling the story of blue carbon, from the Snohomish Estuary in Puget Sound, Washington.
The video has been uploaded to EarthCorps’s YouTube Channel and RAE’s Blue Carbon Homepage and can be viewed above. I encourage you to share the video on your social media platforms (#bluecarbon) and make use of the video as a resource for increasing awareness of blue carbon and the importance of estuary restoration.
Funding was provided by the Laird Norton Family Foundation and Wildlife Forever Fund. Videography by Benjamin Drummond and Sara Steele.
01/17/2018 Winter Quarter; Places to go in Washington: Palouse Falls State Park
by: Sam Mejia
Palouse Falls, located in southeast Washington State, flows through a narrow cataract and drops 200 feet into a churning bowl. The current moves through the Palouse River Canyon, cutting into the Columbia River basalt between the Snake River and Washtucna Coulee. The landscape of Palouse Falls state Park is typically made of shrub-steppe and basalt cliff vegetation.
Named Washington’s state waterfall in 2014, Palouse Falls was carved more than 13,000 years ago from glacial Lake Missoula and is one of the last active waterfalls on the floods path from the Ice Age. Palouse Falls State Falls occupies 105-acres with unique history and geology, and is one of the key destinations along the Ice Age Floods National Geological Trail.
Pacific Biodiversity Institute conducted a rare plant and vegetation survey of Palouse Falls State Park for the Washington State Parks and Recreation Commission. Researchers thought there would be two rare plants in the park, however only Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass) was found during the 2008 field surveys. The other rare plant thought to be found, Allium bisceptrum var. bisceptrum (Twincrest onion) was not found, and no other rare plants were found. Of the 195 vascular plant species identified during the 2008 field survey, 62 species are known to be exotic plants; indicating 32% of the plant species diversity within the park is non-native. Two main stressors that are promoting exotic plant invasion and lower the occurrence of certain native plant species are livestock grazing and human disturbance.
Other vegetative communities include: boxelder, big sagebrush / bluebunch wheatgrass, western poison ivy, rubber rabbitbrush, snow buckwheat / Sandberg bluegrass, seep monkeyflower, Lewis’ mock orange, western white clematis, chokecherry, and several more.
Without dedicated planning and proper mediation, degradation will continue and native vegetation and rare plant populations at Palouse Falls State Park will be lost. The field study was surveyed by two ecologists/botanists on April 15, 2008 and by one ecologist/botanist and an intern on July 23, 2008.
For more information from the survey, check out their Palouse Falls Report from 2008.
For a look at Palouse Falls in the Winter:
Made by Flight Logic Productions
Generally open from 6:30am to dusk. Most parks are open year-round, but please visit www.parks.state.wa.us or call the information center at (360)902-8844 to check for the winter schedule.
10/30/2017 Did you know there is a Marine Mammal Research Center in Olympia, WA? By: Sam Mejia
Below is a video of Cascadia biologists deploying a video tag and attaching it with a suction cup on a gray whale off Everett, WA in 2015. This study helped examine feeding habits of gray whales.
Many students have successfully completed internships and Individual Learning Project Contracts with Cascadia Research Collective. But just who are they?
Cascadia Research Collective is a non-profit Washington State corporation that has conducted scientific research and education for almost 40 years in downtown Olympia, WA. Members of the Cascadia Research team are constantly publishing their research results in scientific literary journals. Cascadia also makes educational presentations for a variety of audiences from scientific environmental impact talks to presentations to elementary school kids.
Interested in an internship for photographic identification of marine mammals? Follow the link!
09/27/2017 Free Washington State Museum Days?
By: Sam Mejia
Several museums in Washington State participate in free monthly days where you and your family can visit! Below are the available museums and their free days. We will add to this as we find more!
*Free First Thursday*
10am – 8pm
Thursday, October 5, 2017
Thursday, November 2, 2017
Thursday, December 7, 2017
Thursday, January 4, 2018
Washington State Historical Society
*Free Third Thursday*
3 – 8pm
Thursday, October 19, 2017
Thursday, November 16, 2017
Thursday, December 21, 2017
By: Sam Mejia
We welcome you to another year at The Evergreen State College. Our open hours are still Wednesdays from 1-5pm in Lab 1 1060.
We would like to congratulate our former Assistant Collections Manager, Saff Killingsworth, of graduating from TESC this past May 2017. We will miss you!
Our new Assistant Collections Manager will be Ben Alexandrowicz for the academic year! Welcome!
This year we are welcoming back two of our interns from last year, Allan Davis and Sam Mejia. We are also congratulating former-volunteer-turned-intern, Kale McConathy in getting into the Masters in Environmental Studies program at TESC.
Don’t forget that we have 2 display cases in the Lab 1 1st floor hallway that we will be filling with different exhibits! We will make sure to announce them on here.
05/10/2017 Fall 2017/Winter 2018 program: “The Nature and Culture of Natural History”
By: Sam Mejia
We are excited to announce that our museum Director and botanist, Dr. Frederica Bowcutt (Fall & Winter), will be teaching “The Nature of Culture and Natural History” with science historian Tamara Caulkins (Fall only).
Students will examine environmental gradients and learn how climate, geology, and other factors affect plant life. To apply these concepts, students will learn to read a variety of landscapes and analyze vegetation, including lowland coniferous forests, prairies, oak woodlands, riparian woodlands, and marshes. Students will gain an ability to recognize the common plants of the Pacific Northwest. In addition to studying fresh plant material, students will also study herbarium specimens. Plant-identification skills to be developed include learning how to identify deciduous shrubs and trees in winter based on twig characteristics. Students will maintain a detailed natural history journal for six months and study 18th- and 19th-century natural history journals as models. In support of this work, students will learn basic illustration skills to sketch our observations in the field and the laboratory.
In addition to practicing the art and science of natural history, students will survey the cultural contexts in which natural history developed as a discipline. In fall, we will venture into cabinets of curiosity; follow the global travels of people, plants, and animals; and consider the challenges of taxonomy of an age of burgeoning exploration. Our focus on the history of science will take us through the scientific revolution to the rise of biological sciences. In winter, students will explore how natural historians and botanists contribute to more egalitarian and sustainable relations with the natural world. With the aid of weekly workshops, students will improve their ability to write thesis-driven essays defended with evidence from the assigned texts in cultural studies.
Take advantage of the accessible education and research collection of museum specimens that has been preserved for generations to come. Have a passion for botanical illustrations? Natural history? Learn about common plants of the Pacific Northwest, study herbarium specimens, and learn how important Twig Identification is for studying plants in winter.
4 – Introduction to Natural History
4 – Cultural History of Natural History
4 – Expository Writing
4 – Field Botany
*There are NO upper division science credits possible*
04/01/2017 Spring is the season for MORELS!
By: Sam Mejia
Morchella, the true morels, are an edible sac fungi with a honeycomb-like appearance that grow primarily in the spring. Timing is everything when it comes to this species. Black morels appear first and favor hardwood forests, but not around a particular type of tree. White morels have a more diverse range of habitats, including: forests, orchards (old-apple orchards especially), hedgerows, railroad tracks, fence rows, and even islands. Some researchers have added that white morels congregate around certain types of trees, usually ones in some stage of death.
A good place to start looking is near sycamore, hickory, ash, oak, elm, and fruit trees; keep a close eye on ground leaves, they love to camouflage themselves.
Some mycologists say that soil temperatures must be in the 50s before morels start popping out of the ground. When you have a week of 50 degree nights and decent rain, morels should be on their way. Higher humidity in the forest encourages growth.
If you know of an area where morels have grown before in previous years, you are more likely to find them in the same location. When you find one, look nearby closely. Morels that were picked in previous years typically leave behind spores that will produce new growths. Mushroom hunters are often secretive and do not like to share their known locations; do not let this deter you.
❌WARNING: DO NOT eat mushrooms without properly identifying them first. There is a species of false morels that are often confused with the true species. ALWAYS thoroughly cook mushrooms you plan on eating❌
We do not have morels at the museum, so if you’re willing to part with a few of them and have accurate collection information, please donate them to our collections!
More on morels…
Beginners guide to hunting morel mushrooms.
Tips on how to train your eyes to spot morels more easily.
01/25/2017 The rusty patched bumblebee has been declared endangered in the United States
By: Sam Mejia
Rusty patched bumblebee. (Photo: Dan Mullen/Flickr)
This species of bumblebee is now endangered. On January 24th, 2017, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service announced that Bombus affinis has decreased significantly by 87 percent since the 1990s, with its range now limited to only 13 states.
There is a worldwide decline of bumblebees, which threatens not only our food supply, but our biodiversity as well. “A major reason bees and pollinators are in decline is urban development. With bumblebees, its not just the food they eat, but wildflowers and the whole ecosystem itself” says Clint Perry, a cognitive neuroethologist at Queen Mary University who has been studying bee cognition.
Several factors, including: intensive farming, disease, pesticides, climate-related changes, and habitat loss, have negatively influenced the number of rusty patched bumblebees over the past 50 years. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife service have been implementing programs to protect and restore these pollinators to their habitats, including recovering endangered and threatened pollinators and pollinator-dependent plants. There are many restoration groups, partnerships, and conservation efforts to support bee-friendly improvements to our local surroundings.
Bumblebees were one of the top pollinators of crops and wildflowers, including apples, tomatoes, cranberries, and peppers, in 28 states. There were several Hawaiian yellow-faced bees who were added to the Endangered Species List last year. Three more species, Franklin’s bumblebee; the western bumblebee; the yellow-banded bumblebee, are on the verge on being added to that list.
Things you can do to help include: planting more flowers, especially native species, and minimize your use of chemical pesticides and herbicides. Stay on trails when you are in the woods, there are a lot of ground nesting bees.
We do not have any rusty patched bumblebees in our collection, but we do have several other species of bumblebees! Come take a look at what we have.
Little, Becky. “First Bumblebee Declared Endangered in U.S.” National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 10 Jan. 2017. Web.
The Xerces Society. “The Xerces Society » Bumble Bee Conservation.” The Xerces Society » Bumble Bee Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web.
U.S. Service. Fish and Wildlife. “Fact Sheet.” USFWS: Rusty Patched Bumble Bee Fact Sheet. N.p., n.d. Web.
01/10/2017 Welcome back Greeners!
By: Sam Mejia
Welcome back to a very cold Winter 2017. January 10th is observed annually as Save the Eagles Day! There are more than 70 different species of eagles throughout the world. There are several species of eagles that are on the endangered list. Due to conservation efforts, the Bald Eagle was removed from the endangered list in June 2007, and there are now 5000 known nesting pairs. In 1782, the bald eagle was chosen as a national symbolic symbol.
Eagle is a common name for many large birds of prey from the family Accipitridae. Most eagles are larger than any other raptor, besides some vultures. Eagles’ eyes are impressive and have up to 3.6 times human acuity, which allows them to spot potential prey from a far distance.
In Downtown Olympia from January 20th – January 26th, The Capitol Theater will be showing “The Eagle Huntress“; this film follows a 13-year-old girl named Aisholpan as she trains to become the first female in twelve generations of her Kazakh family to become an eagle hunter. The ability to hunt with eagles is a tradition that has been handed down from father to son for centuries for these Mongolian people. Many old Kazakh eagle hunters reject the idea of a female taking part in their ancient tradition; however, Aisholpan’s father Nurgaiv believes that a girl can do anything a boy can, as long as she is determined to do so.
1/20 9pm; 1/21 4pm & 6:30pm; 1/22 5pm; 1/24 6:30pm & 9pm; 1/25 4pm & 6:30pm; 1/26 4pm, 6:30pm & 9pm
Tickets available at box office 30 minutes prior to showtime.
Use #SaveTheEaglesDay to post on social media.
More articles regarding the importance of protecting eagles:
Eagles Are Worth Fighting for Today
We Must Protect Eagles and Expand Wind Power at the Same Time
This Moment Could Have Easily Never Happened
Windfarms kill 10-20 times more than previously thought
11/29/2016 Tomorrow is Remembrance Day for Lost Species
By: Allan Davis
November 30th is Remembrance Day for Lost Species. It is a day to recognize the species, of both animals and plants, that have been lost in the Sixth Great Extinction event, and look at the ways in which we, as humans, are responsible for these extinctions. As anyone who is familiar with the concepts of ecology knows, extinctions are a natural event, but what makes this large-scale extinction even unique, is that human activity is the sole cause for it. Please take a moment today to think about what has been lost, and what may be lost in the future. As far as we currently know, the planet Earth is the only celestial body capable of sustaining life, and the amazing creative impulse, that takes form in biodiversity, is surely worth saving.
11/9/2016 Omnia Extares! Let it all hang out!
By: Sam Mejia
The world’s largest burrowing clam the geoduck (pronounced gooey-duck), Panopea generosa, lives in the subtidal waters of the Puget Sound. The word is derived from the Lushootseed word gʷídəq, meaning “dig deep”. This Pacific geoduck is native to the Pacific Northwest and is one of the longest-living animals with a lifespan of up to 145 years; the longest on record was 168 years old. Adult geoducks have a few natural predators, including sea otters and dogfish in Alaska. Similar species have been seen to grow from Japan and New Zealand to Argentina, but the Pacific Northwest is still home to the largest geoducks.
The geoduck has two parts: a long leathery neck called a siphon that pokes out of the shell, and the thick body protected inside the shell; they typically weigh around 2 ½-3 pounds. Although, some have been weighed in at 14 pounds. The shell can grow up to 4-6 inches while the siphons are exceptionally lengthy, making the clam up to 3-4 feet. This magnificent clam uses a tiny foot to dig into the seafloor as it grows, ending up several feet under the ground and live a sedentary life. Their large siphons are used to pull phytoplankton down one side of their neck, and eject filtered water out of the other.
High market value of the geoduck has created a thriving $80-million industry in the US with harvesting farms in Oregon, Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska selling around four million pounds each year. On average, one geoduck can cost you around $20-30. Geoducks are popular in many Asian countries and are even considered a delicacy in China with reported prices ranging from $60 each to $300 at high-end seafood restaurants. They can be served raw, turned into a pie, pounded into geoduck fritters, added to ceviche, prepared in chowder, and many other delicious ways.
Speedy the geoduck, our beloved mascot, is just one of two non-insect invertebrate college mascots; the other mascot is Sammy the Banana Slug from the University of California in Santa Cruz.
(Speedy from TESC on the left & Sammy from UCSC on the right)
Our museum collection has a geoduck shell, but not a single geoduck in our wet specimen collection. On Wednesday, November 16th, Erik Thuesen guided several staff from the Evergreen Natural History Museum through wet specimen preservation, and preserved a few geoducks for our collection thanks to Taylor Shellfish Farms, the largest shellfish farm in the country. This is a great contribution due to expanding the biodiversity in our collection, and being able to use it for future research. Come by during future Wednesday open hours to take a look at our specimen!
Did you know that our school has a fight song?
Go, Geoduck go,
Through the mud and the sand, let’s go.
Siphon high, squirt it out, swivel all about, let it all hang out.
Go, Geoducks go,
Stretch your necks when the tide is low
Siphon high, squirt it out, swivel all about, let it all hang out.
Morgan, James. “The ‘phallic’ Clam America Sells to China.” BBC News. BBC, 19 July 2015. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
Nosowitz, Dan. “How Do You Farm A Clam That Can Grow 3 Feet Long And Live For Over A Century? – Modern Farmer.” Modern Farmer. N.p., 26 Sept. 2014. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
The Evergreen State College. “It’s Speedy the Geoduck.” Home. The Evergreen State College, Unknown date. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
Tran, Lina. “Everything You Need to Know About Geoducks.” Eater. N.p., 17 July 2016. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
WDFD. “Geoduck Clams Identification & Information | Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.” WDFD. Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. Unknown Date. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
Welch, Craig. “Geoducks: Happy as Clams.” Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian, March 2009. Web. 09 Nov. 2016.
10/11/16 The beginning of a new year at the natural history museum!
By: Allan Davis
Autumn, the year’s last, loveliest smile.
-William Cullen Bryant
Hello from The Evergreen State College Natural History Museum! Welcome to a new year at Evergreen. As the year gets underway don’t forget to come by and see us in the museum. Open hours are Wednesdays from 1 pm to 5 pm or by appointment.
The fall is an exciting time in the Pacific Northwest and here in Olympia we are lucky to have many spots to witness the changing of the seasons. On campus we are surrounded by more than 1,000 acres of trail filled forest where you can watch the leaves of the big leaf maples (Acer macrophyllum) and red alders (Alnus rubra) as they change in preparation for the winter. Or closer to downtown, Priest Point Park offers 314 acres of wooded trails for your exploration. Priest Point park is located at 2600 East Bay Drive.
If you are in the mood for birding, the Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge will soon be inundated with returning waterfowl, such as Canada geese (Branta canadensis), cackling geese (Branta hutchinsii), gadwall (Anas strepera), American wigeon (Anas americana), mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), northern shoveler (Anas clypeata), northern pintail (Anas acuta), bufflehead (Bucephala albeola) and ring-necked ducks (Aythya collaris). For more information on the Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge go here: https://www.fws.gov/refuge/billy_frank_jr_nisqually/. For a comprehensive list of bird species present by month go here: https://www.fws.gov/uploadedFiles/Region_1/NWRS/Zone_2/Nisqually_Complex/Nisqually/Documents/trifold%20checklist%281%29.pdf. The Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge is open during daylight hours and is located at 100 Brown Farm Rd. NE.
The Kennedy Creek Salmon Trail offers a great chance to catch chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) as they return to their natal stream to spawn and court. The 1/2 mile trail at Kennedy Creek is open every weekend in November from 10 am to 4 pm and there are plenty of docents and interpretive signs to answer any questions you may have about the life cycle of salmon. For directions and more information on The Kennedy Creek Salmon Trail click here.
Here at the museum we have 1,900 bird specimens for viewing and you will find many examples of the birds who are returning this fall and winter. Come to the museum and get a jump on your bird identification skills before heading out into the field. We also have many wet specimens of salmon for your viewing pleasure! Here’s to a productive new academic year and the wonder of the changing seasons!