If Unlikely Alliances was published today, these references would need to be added.

Introduction and Conclusion

Backer, David I., & Kate Cairns. (2017, December 21). Movement Pedagogy: Beyond the Class/Identity Impasse. Viewpoint.

Bacon, Jules M. (2017). ‘A lot of catching up’, knowledge gaps and emotions in the development of a tactical collective identity among students participating in solidarity with the Winnemem Wintu. Settler Colonial Studies 7(4).

Beauchamp, Zack. (2019, Feb. 1). Stacey Abrams’s new essay on identity politics reveals why she’s a rising star. Vox.

Brand, Nachee Blu. (2017). Native Space: Geographic Strategies to Unsettle Settler Colonialism. Corvallis, Ore.: Oregon State University Press.

Gawerc, Michelle. (2020, January). Diverse social movement coalitions: Prospects and challenges. Sociology Compass.

Gawerc, Michelle. (2021, February). Coalition-building and the Forging of Solidarity Across Difference and Inequality. Sociology Compass.

Gilio-Whitaker, Dina. (2019). As Long as Grass Grows The Indigenous Fight for Environmental Justice, from Colonization to Standing Rock. Boston, MA: Beacon Press.

Heatherton, Christina. (2017, July 16). Not Just Being Right, But Getting Free: Reflections on Class, Race, and Marxism. London/New York: Verso.

Hillis, Vicken, Kate A. Berry, Briana Swette, Lauren Porensky, Clare Aslan, & Sheila Barry. (2020, January). Unlikely alliances and their implications for resource management in the American West. Environmental Research Letters 15(4).

Horowitz, Leah S. & Michael J. Watts. (2017). Grassroots Environmental Governance: Community Engagements with Industry. New York: Routledge.

Johnson, Kirk. (2016, November 15). Old Treaties and New Alliances Empower Native Americans. New York Times.

Keeler, Jacqueline. (2017). Edge of Morning: Native Voices Speak for the Bears Ears. Salt Lake City, Utah: Torrey House Press.

LaDuke, Winona. (2020). To Be A Water Protector: The Rise of the Wiindigoo Slayers. Halifax & Winnipeg: Fernwood Publishing.

Larsen, Soren C., & Jay T. Johnson. (2017). Being Together in Place: Indigenous Coexistence in a More Than Human World. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Mackey, Eva. (2016). Unsettled Expectations: Uncertainty, Land and Settler Decolonization. Black Point, N.S.: Fernwood Publishing.

McConnell, Abby. (2020, April). Challenges and Strategies: How Rights of Nature Activists Work to Achieve Radical Change in Perceptions of Nature and Legal Systems. Undergraduate Honors Thesis in Sociology, University of Colorado-Boulder.

Negrón-Muntaner, Frances, ed. (2017). Sovereign Acts: Contesting Colonialism Across Indigenous Nations and Latinx America. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Palumbo-Liu, David. (2016, November 23). The Whiteness Of A Liberal In The Age Of Trump. Huffington Post.

Pasternak, Shiri. (2017).  Grounded Authority: The Algonquins of Barriere Lake against the State. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Ray, Tarence. (2018, March 28). Get Real: What liberals like Paul Krugman still don’t understand about rural America. The Baffler.

Reo, Nicholas J., Kyle P. Whyte, Deborah McGregor, M.A. (Peggy) Smith, & James F. Jenkins. (2017). Factors that support Indigenous involvement in multi-actor environmental stewardship. AlterNative.

Robinson, Rebecca & Stephen Strom. (2018). Voices from Bears Ears: Seeking Common Ground on Sacred Land. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

Roediger, David. (2017). Class, Race, and Marxism. London/New York: Verso.

Van Sant, Levi & Kai Bosworth. (2017, September 14). Race, Rurality, and Radical Geography in the U.S. Antipode.

Whyte, Kyle Powys. (2018, April 3). White Allies, Let’s Be Honest About Decolonization. Yes! magazine.

Willow, Anna J. (2018). Understanding ExtrACTIVISM: Culture and Power in Natural Resource Disputes. New York: Routledge.

PART I: Running Upstream (Pacific Northwest)

Barber, Katrine. (2018). In Defense of Wyam: Native-White Alliances and the Struggle for Celilo Village. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Berry, Kate A., & Sue Jackson. (2018). The Making of White Water Citizens in Australia and the Western United States: Racialization as a Transnational Project of Irrigation Governance.  Annals of the American Association of Geographers 108 (5).

Frank, Billy Jr. (2015). Let’s Celebrate Our Lives Together, In Tell the Truth: The Collected Columns of Billy Frank Jr. Olympia, Wash.: Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission.

King, Shelby R. (2015, July 26). A Leak in the Bottle: Tribes’ Treaty Rights May Dam the Flow to Nestlé. Portland Mercury.

Kitsap Daily News. (2019, June 9). Suquamish Tribe hosts seafood bake for tideland owners. kitsapdailynews.com.

Le, Phuong. (2017, May 19).  Washington state loses big legal battle over salmon culverts. Seattle Times.

Mapes, Lynda V. (2017, January 13). Lummi clammers, dairy farmers team up to clean bacteria-polluted bay, rather than fight. Seattle Times.

Norgaard, Kari Marie. (2019). Salmon and Acorns Feed Our People. Camden, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Norman, Emma S. (2019, August). Finding Common Ground: Negotiating Downstream Rights to Harvest with Upstream Responsibilities to Protect—Dairies, Berries, and Shellfish in the Salish Sea. Global Environmental Politics 19(3).

Ransom, Timothy. (2020). For the Good of the Order: The Braget Farm and Land Use in the Nisqually Valley. Centralia WA: Gorham Printing.

Quirke, Stephyn. (2015, November 1). Nestlé versus Natives. Southeast Examiner.

Quirke, Stephen. (2017, December 8). Nestlé crunched: Ouster from Gorge signals win for tribes, environment. Streetroots.

Schwartz, Alex. (2021, June 4). Few Klamath Project irrigators involved in protest at canal. Herald and News.

PART II: Militarizing Lands and Skies (Nevada & Southern Wisconsin)

Beda, Steven C. (2018, October 25). Collaboration, not fighting, is what the rural West is really about. The Conversation.

Bonds, Anne & Joshua Inwood. (2015). Beyond white privilege: Geographies of white supremacy and settler colonialism. Progress in Human Geography 40(6).

Gordon, Scott. (2016, July 5). A New Wisconsin Prairie Takes Shape At Badger Ammo: Tribal, State, Federal Authorities Work To Convert Contaminated Site. WisContext.

Keeler, Jacqueline. (2014, April 29). On Cliven Bundy’s ‘Ancestral Rights.’ The Nation.

Klein, Bradley J. (2012). Christian Progress and American Myth: A Deep Cultural Analysis of Spatiality and Exceptionalism in Struggles over American Indian Lands. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Denver Theology School.

Pearson, Thomas W. (2017). When the Hills Are Gone: Frac Sand Mining and the Struggle for Community. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rozsa, George Gregory. (2020). The Nevada Movement: A Model of Trans-Indigenous Antinuclear Solidarity. Journal of  Transnational American Studies 11(2).

Siegler, Kirk. (2016, August 18). In Nevada, Tribes Push to Protect Land at the Heart of Bundy Ranch Standoff. Northwest Public Radio.

PART III: Keeping it in the Ground (Northern Plains & Pacific Northwest)

Allen, Maggie, Stoney Bird, Sara Breslow, & Nives Dolšak. (2017). Stronger together: Strategies to protect local sovereignty, ecosystems, and place-based communities from the global fossil fuel trade. Marine Policy 80, 168-176.

Associated Press. (2017, February 9). Coal-export terminal backers pull local permits at Cherry Point. KOMO News.

Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa. (2019, July 23). Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Sues Enbridge to Remove Line 5. WCMC.

Bosworth, Kai. (2018). “They’re Treating Us Like Indians!”: Political Ecologies of Property and Race in North American Pipeline Populism. Antipode.

Bosworth, Kai (2022). Pipeline Populism: Grassroots Environmentalism in the Twenty-First Century. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press).

Derman, Brandon B. (2020). Struggles for Climate Justice: Uneven Geographies and the Politics of Connection. London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Donald C. Hellmann Task Force Program. (2021, March 4). Saving The Salish Sea: A Fight for Tribal Sovereignty and Climate Action. Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, University of Washington.

Engelfried, Nick. (2021, January 29). Overwhelming odds, unexpected alliances and tough losses — how defeating Keystone XL built a bolder, savvier climate movement. Waging Nonviolence.

Estes, Nick. (2019). Our History Is the Future: Standing Rock Versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance. London/New York: Verso.

Estes, Nick, & Jaskiran Dhillon, eds. (2019). Standing with Standing Rock: Voices from the #NoDAPL Movement. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Grosse, Corrie. (2017).  “Megaloads and Mobilization: The Rural People of Idaho Stand Against Big Oil.” Case Studies in the Environment: 1-7.

Grosse, Corrie. (2022). Working Across Lines: Resisting Extreme Energy Extraction. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Hefflinger, Mark. (2017, January 24). Bold Nebraska Responds to Trump Action on Keystone XL. Bold Nebraska.

Hughes, Charlotte Degener. (2018). Indigenous-led Resistance to Environmental Destruction: Methods of Anishinaabe Land Defense against Enbridge’s Line 3. Pitzer College Senior Thesis. Claremont Colleges. 

ICTMN Staff. (2017, June 14). DAPL Approval Illegal, Judge Finds. Indian Country Today.

June, Lyla. (2016, September 7). All Nations Rise. Black Hills Unity Concert. YouTube.

Kleeb, Jane. (2020). Harvest the Vote: How Democrats Can Win Again in Rural America. New York: Harper Collins.

Lakota People’s Law Project. (2020). DAPL Archive: Sustainability and Stewardship (video on Rancher Marv Kammerer).

Lavelle, Marianne. (2020, July 7). Climate Activists See ‘New Era’ After Three Major Oil and Gas Pipeline Defeats. Inside Climate News.

Lockwood, Devi. (2017, May 9). Ranchers and Tribes Unite Once Again to Fight Keystone XL. Yes!.

MacPhail, Fiona & Bowles, Paul. (2021). Fractured alliance: state-corporate actions and fossil fuel resistance in Northwest British Columbia, CanadaJournal of Political Ecology 28(1), 488-510.

Mapes, Lynda V. (2017, January 12). State court rules against plans for big Grays Harbor oil terminal. Seattle Times.

McClure, Robert. (2021, January 18). How Cascadia’s climate activists fought off fossil fuels and succeeded. Crosscut.

Monet, Jenni. (2016, November 10). What the Trump Victory Means for Standing Rock. Yes!.

Noisecat, Julian Brave. (2017, January 15). When the Indians Defeat the Cowboys. Jacobin.

Northwest Treaty Tribes. (2017, March 12). Not for Any Price. 15-minute documentary “about how the Lummi Nation put their treaty rights on the line and saved natural resources for everyone.” YouTube.

Plummer, Dylan. (2018). Displacement in Place: The Delegitimization of Indigenous Sovereignty Through Media Framing and Erasure in Environmental Conflict. Honor’s Thesis, University of Oregon. ScholarBank.

Quirke, Stephen. (2017, June 16). Tribes score victories against Union Pacific, fossil fuel projects. Streetroots.

Quirke, Stephen. (2017, August 7). Puyallup Battle LNG Facility in Tacoma. Indian Country Today.

Sanders, Julia-Grace, (2020, December 14). From poop to power: Manure from 2,300 cows may run 600 homes. Bellingham Herald.

Sickinger, Ted. (2017, January 6). Backers of Longview coal terminal insist project will go forward despite state denial of sublease. The Oregonian/OregonLive.

Soeder, Janna. (2019). Vanishing Images?: Meditations of Native Americans in the Tradition of the Western. Ph.D dissertation, University of Maryland Department of Communication.

Whyte, Kyle. (2019). The Dakota Access Pipeline, Environmental Injustice, and U.S. Colonialism. In Char Miller & Jeff Crane, eds., The Nature of Hope: Grassroots Organizing, Environmental Justice, and Political Change. Utah State University Press / University Press of Colorado.

Wong, Julia Carrie. (2017, February 23). Police remove last Standing Rock protesters in military-style takeover. The Guardian.

Woodard, Benjamin. (2016, December 19). Meet Faith Spotted Eagle, who received one Washington state elector’s presidential vote. Seattle Times.

PART IV: Agreeing on the Water (Northern Wisconsin)

Associated Press. (2017, December 11). Wisconsin Governor to Sign Bill Lifting Mining Moratorium. Wisconsin Public Radio.

Cramer, Katherine J. (2016). The Politics of Resentment: Rural Consciousness in Wisconsin and the Rise of Scott Walker. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Diver, Sibyl. (2018, April). Native Water Protection Flows Through Self- Determination: Understanding Tribal Water Quality Standards and “Treatment as a State.” Journal of Contemporary Water Research & Education (163) 6-30.

Gedicks, Al. (2016, September 13). Michigan mine threatens tribe’s sacred sites. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel.

Gedicks, Al. (2021, April 28). Fight Over Proposed Mine by Menominee River has Brought Together Unlikely Allies. Earth Island Journal.

Harris, Maya Shimizu. (2021, July 20). Community members and organizations celebrate Menominee River and protest Back Forty Mine. Marinette Eagle Herald.

Kaufman, Dan. (2018). The Fall of Wisconsin: The Conservative Conquest of a Progressive Bastion and the Future of American Politics. W.W. Norton & Co.

Klein, Bradley J. (2012). Christian Progress and American Myth: A Deep Cultural Analysis of Spatiality and Exceptionalism in Struggles over American Indian Lands. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Denver Theology School.

Lipsitz, George. (2008). Walleye warriors and white identities: Native Americans’ treaty rights, composite identities and social movements. Ethnic and Racial Studies 31(1), 101-122.

Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin. (2018). No Back Forty Mine.

Schwartz, Alex. (2019, September 11). The Battle for Bad River. Gizmodo.

Whyte, Kyle (2018). Settler Colonialism, Ecology, and Environmental Injustice. Environment and Society: Advances in Research 9: 125–144.