Interview sources

Name, Affiliation of interest at time of interview (Address)                       

Fred Ackley, Mole Lake Ojibwe tribal judge (Crandon, WI)          

Hadley Akins, Umatilla Basin Project former co-chair (Pendleton, OR)          

Jennifer Allen, Western Shoshone Defense Project (Crescent Valley, NV)

John Anderson, Vilas County zoning administrator (Boulder Junction, WI)

Bill Bakke, Native Fish Society director (Portland, OR)          

Charlotte Black Elk, Cowboy and Indian Alliance; Oglala Lakota (Pine Ridge, SD)

Alexis Bonogofsky, National Wildlife Federation Tribal Lands Partnerships Project (Billings, MT)          

Joye Braun, Camp of the Sacred Stones; Indigenous Environmental Network; Cheyenne River tribal member (Cannon Ball, ND)

Walter Bresette (Midwest Treaty Network; Anishinaabe Niijii; Red Cliff Ojibwe (Red Cliff, WI)          

Faye Brown, Prairie Island Coalition (Minneapolis, MN)                      

Don Bryson, Nez Perce Fisheries biologist (Lostine, OR)

Herbert Buettner, Trout Unlimited Wolf River chapter (White Lake, WI)

Alaina Buffalo Spirit, Northern Cheyenne; Northern Plains Resource Council (Birney, MT)

Lanny Carpenter, Puget Sound Gillnetters Association (Olympia, WA)          

Roscoe Churchill, Rusk County Citizens Action Group (Ladysmith, WI)

Les Clark, Northwest Gillnetters Association former president (Chinook, WA)          

Patricia Conway, Citizens Against Low-Level Flights            (Ontario, WI)          

Wally Cooper, Rhinelander fishing guide; Wisconsin Resources Protection Council (WRPC) (Rhinelander, WI)                      

Terry Courtney Jr, Wasco/Tingit Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission (CRITFC) commissioner (Warm Springs, OR)          

George Crocker, General Assembly to Stop the Powerline (GASP) (Lake Elmo, MN)          

Joseph DeLaCruz, Quinault former chairman; Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission (NWIFC) co-founder (Hoquiam, WA)                      

Bruce Ellison, Black Hills Alliance co-founder; attorney (Rapid City, SD)

Teresa Erickson, Northern Plains Resource Council (Billings, MT)

Michael Farrow , Umatilla Department of Natural Resources director (Umatilla, OR)          

Karl Fate, WRPC (Rhinelander, WI)          

Steve Fick, Salmon for All (Astoria, OR)          

Kenneth Fish, Menominee Treaty Rights and Mining Impacts Office (Keshena, WI)

Lea Foushee, GASP / North American Water Office (Lake Elmo, MN)                      

Billy Frank Jr., NWIFC chairman; Nisqually treaty rights leader (Olympia, WA)          

Mert Freyholtz, Environmental Rangers (Gildford, MT)          

Gaiashkibos, Lac Courte Oreilles Ojibwe chair (Hayward, WI)          

Ona Garvin, Former Ho-Chunk tribal legislator; Citizens Opposed to Range Expansion (CORE) (Pittsville, WI)

Al Gedicks, WRPC (La Crosse, WI)          

Tom Goldtooth, Indigenous Environmental Network executive director (Bemidji, MN)          

Arthur Grunbaum, Citizens for a Clean Harbor (Aberdeen, WA)

Liz Hamilton, Northwest Sportfishing Industry Association (Portland, OR)

Corbin Harney, Western Shoshone National Council (Sparks, NV)          

Jill Hartlev, Bad River Ojibwe mining committee (Odanah, WI)

Louis Hawpetoss, Menominee tribal judge (Keshena, WI)          

Nick Hockings, Wa-Swa-Gon Treaty Association; Lac du Flambeau Ojibwe (Lac du Flambeau, WI)          

Johnny Jackson, Columbia River Chiefs’ Council; Cascade/Klickitat (Underwood, WA)

Jewell James, Lummi Sovereignty and Treaty Protection Office (Lummi, WA)

Lilias Jones Jarding, Clean Water Alliance executive director (Rapid City, SD)

Tyson Johnston, Quinault Indian Nation vice president (Taholah, WA)

Marvin Kammerer, Black Hills Alliance; rancher (Box Elder, SD)          

Philomena Kebec, Bad River tribal staff attorney (Odanah, WI)

Rebecca Kemble, Progressive magazine correspondent (Madison, WI)

Adriann Killsnight, Northern Cheyenne; opponent of Otter Creek coal mine (Lame Deer, MT)

Eleanor Kinley, Whatcom County Commercial Fishermen’s Association; Lummi (Lummi, WA)

Jane Kleeb, Bold Nebraska director / Cowboy Indian Alliance (Hastings, NE)

Frank Koehn, The Water’s Edge / Penokee Hills Education Project (Herbster, WI)

Bill Koenen, Mole Lake Ojibwe environmental officer (Crandon, WI)                      

Anita Koser, Wa-Swa-Gon Treaty Association; Lac du Flambeau Ojibwe (Lac du Flambeau, WI)          

Phil Lane, Jr. (Ihanktonwan Nakota / Dakota chief (White Rock, BC)

Paul Lumley, CRITFC (Portland, OR)          

Sandy Lyon, Anishinaabe Niijii (Springbrook, WI)          

James Main Jr., Red Thunder / Indigenous Environmental Network; Gros Ventre  (Fort Belknap, MT)

Victor Martino, Skokomish tribal attorney (Bainbridge Island, WA)          

Tom Maulson, Lac du Flambeau Ojibwe chair; Wa-Swa-Gon chair (Lac du Flambeau, WI)

Debra McNutt, Midwest Treaty Network (Madison, WI)

Bill Means, International Indian Treaty Council director; Oglala Lakota (Minneapolis, MN)

Antone Minthorn, Umatilla Tribes chairman (Umatilla, OR)

Ros Nelson, Penokees mine opponent (Washburn, WI)

Sandra Palm, Commercial fisher and coal terminal opponent (Bellingham, WA)

Carolyn Parker, Environmentally Concerned Citizens of Lakeland Areas (ECCOLA) / Vilas County Board member (Woodruff, WI)

Steve Parker, Yakama Fisheries staff (Toppenish, WA)

Joseph Pavel, NWIFC staff; former Skokomish chair (Olympia, WA)          

Allen Pinkham, Nez Perce former chairman, CRITFC commissioner (Lapwai, ID)

Manuel Piño, Laguna-Acoma; Indigenous Environmental Network (Acoma, NM)

Sylvester Poler, WRPC; Mole Lake Ojibwe (Crandon, WI)

Grace Potorti, Rural Alliance for Military Accountability (Reno, NV)

Allie Raven, Bad River Ojibwe tribal member (Delta, WI)

Cindy Reed, Cowboy and Indian Alliance (Hot Springs, SD)

Bill Robinson, Trout Unlimited Washington Council chair; executive director of Washington State Northwest Salmon and Steelhead Council (West Seattle, WA)

Steve Robinson, NWIFC (Olympia, WA)                      

George Rock, WRPC (White Lake, WI)          

Bobbi Rongstad, Bad River Watershed Association (Gurney, WI)

Joe Rose Sr, Professor emeritus, Northland College; Bad River Ojibwe (Odanah, WI)

Donald Sampson, CRITFC chairman; former Umatilla chair (Portland, OR)

Virginia Sanchez, Citizen Alert Native American Program director; Western Shoshone (Reno, NV)                       

Susana Santos, Tygh fisher, former Greenpeace staffer (Warm Springs, OR)

Melvin Schmidtgall, S&M Farming Company (Athena, OR)

Robert Schmitz, Wolf River Watershed Alliance (White Lake, WI)

Joe Schumacker, Quinault Indian Nation Marine Resources scientist (Taholah, WA)

Paul Seamans, Dakota Rural Action chair (Draper, SD)

Chris Sewall, Western Shoshone Defense Project (Crescent Valley, NV)

Fawn Sharp, President of Quinault Nation; president of Affiliated Tribes of Northwest Indians (Taholah, WA)

Chris Shelley, Salmon Corps director of education/training (Portland, OR)

Chuck Sleeter, Nashville town chairman (Pickerel, WI)

Joanne Sleeter, Nashville town clerk (Pickerel, WI)

Claude Smith, Sr., Wasco elder/fisher (Warm Springs, OR)

Jeff Smith, American Friends Service Committee; Makah (Seattle, WA)

Diane Snyder, Wallowa Resources director (Enterprise, OR)

Tom Soles, Walleyes for Tomorrow; Sturgeons for Tomorrow (Fond du Lac, WI)

Glen Spain, Pacific Coast Federation of Commercial Fishermen (Eugene, OR)

Faith Spotted Eagle, Cowboy Indian Alliance; Ihanktonwan (Yankton) Nakota/Dakota (Lake Andes, SD)

Tim Stearns, Save Our Wild Salmon director (Seattle, WA)

Ted Strong, Former CRITFC director; former Yakama chair (Toppenish, WA)

Joanne Tall, Good Road Coalition; Oglala Lakota (Pine Ridge, SD)

Larry Thevik, Vice president, Washington Dungeness Crab Fishermen’s Association (Ocean Shores, WA)

Richard Thieltges, Sweet Grass Hills Protective Association (Helena, MT)

Dorothy Thoms, Wa-Swa-Gon Treaty Association (Lac du Flambeau, WI)

Madonna Thunder Hawk, Black Hills Alliance; Oglala Lakota (Pine Ridge, SD)

Mark Tilsen, Black Hills Alliance former director (Stillwater, MN)          

Craig Tucker, Klamath coordinator, Karuk Tribe (Orleans, CA)

Krystal Two Bulls, Oglala Lakota; coal opponent at Northern Cheyenne (Missoula, MT)

Dorothy Tyra, Pickerel Lake Association (Pickerel, WI)

Frank Urabeck, Northwest Marine Trade Association (Federal Way, WA)           

Frances Van Zile, Mole Lake Ojibwe elder (Crandon, WI)

Monica and Mark Vitek, O’Dovero-Flesia Farm, with other family members (Mellen, WI)

Rich Wandschneider, Nez Perce Homeland Project (Enterprise, OR)

Tom Ward, WRPC (Crandon, WI)

Dennis White, Columbia Gorge Audubon (White Salmon, WA)

Charmaine White Face, Cowboy and Indian Alliance; Oglala Lakota (Manderson, SD)

Mike Wiggins Jr., Chairman, Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa (Odanah, WI)

Dana Wilson, Lummi commercial fisher (Lummi, WA)

Jim Wise, ECCOLA / Northwoods Alliance (Tomahawk, WI)

Sonny Wreczycki, Rollingstone Lake Association (Ainsworth, WI)

Raymond Yowell, Western Shoshone National Council chief (South Fork, NV)