Lushootseed Name:  s√qígʷəc  Click Here to Listen

Scientific Name: Odocoileus hemionus columbianus

Drawing by Lucia Harrison

Black-tailed Deer are the most common deer in the Pacific Northwest.  They like brushy areas and coniferous forests.  They are most active near dusk or dawn in rural areas with logged or undeveloped land. In urban and sub-urban areas, they hang out in back yards near ravines or forested parks.  They breed in November and December.  The females are pregnant for 4-5 months.  Black-tailed deer eat many native plants browsing on new growth tips of Vine Maple, Hazel Nut, Cascara, Blackberry, Thimbleberry, Salmonberry, Salal, Fireweed, Clover, Sword fern and mushrooms.. 

For more information  University of Michigan Museum of Zoology

Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife

Also, refer to the Native Plant/Animal Resource Page.  In the section on Plant/Animal Field Guides, Russell Link’s Living with Wildlife has an excellent section on deer.