Arch of Constantine, Rome. 312-315 CE. Roman Art

Arch of Constantine, Rome. 312-315 CE. Roman Art

Pantheon in Rome, c.117-125.  Roman domed structure

Pantheon in Rome, c.117-125. Roman domed structure

Pantheon (cut-away view). Roman domed structure.

Pantheon (cut-away view). Roman domed structure.

Emperor Augustus, 1st c. CE. Roman sculpture in marble.

Emperor Augustus, 1st c. CE. Roman sculpture in marble.

Portrait bust of Roman man, 1st c. BCE. Roman sculpture.

Portrait bust of Roman man, 1st c. BCE. Roman sculpture.

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, c.359.  Early Christian Art showing Christ as young man and scenes from Old Testament.

Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus, c.359. Early Christian Art showing Christ as young man and scenes from Old Testament.

San Apollinare Church, Ravenna, Italy. 6th Century Basilica-style church with Campanile (bell tower)

Sant’ Apollinare Nuovo¬† Church, Ravenna, Italy. 6th Century Basilica-style church with Campanile (bell tower)

Sant'Apollinaire Nuovo, interior showing nave, side aisles and apse. 6th c. Basilica-style Christian church.

Sant’Apollinaire Nuovo, interior showing nave, side aisles and apse. 6th c. Basilica-style Christian church.

Miracle of loaves and fishes, mosaic from Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna. c.520.

Miracle of loaves and fishes, mosaic from Sant’Apollinare Nuovo, Ravenna. c.520.

Madonna and Child Enthroned, c.1280. Byzantine Art

Madonna and Child Enthroned, c.1280. Byzantine Art

Jesus Christ Pantocrator (Ruler of the Universe) Mosaic from the Deesis Panel of the South Gallery of the Hagia Sophia (1185-1204). Byzantine Art.

Jesus Christ Pantocrator (Ruler of the Universe) Mosaic from the Deesis Panel of the South Gallery of the Hagia Sophia (1185-1204). Byzantine Art.

Lindisfarne Gospel (illuminated manuscript) with detail. c.698.  Medieval Christian Art.

Lindisfarne Gospel (illuminated manuscript) with detail. c.698. Medieval Christian Art.

Bayeux Tapestry, scenes of Normans Landing in England. 1080 CE. Medieval secular art.

Bayeux Tapestry, scenes of Normans Landing in England. 1080 CE. Medieval secular art.

St. Trophime, facade showing rounded arch and tympanum sculptures. 1180.  Romanesque architecture.

St. Trophime, facade showing rounded arch and tympanum sculptures. 1180. Romanesque architecture.

St. Trophime, Christ in Majesty with symbols of Evangelists. 1180. Romanesque architecture.

St. Trophime, Christ in Majesty with symbols of Evangelists. 1180. Romanesque architecture.

Notre Dame, Paris, facade. 1163-1345 Gothic architecture showing pointed arches at entryway

Notre Dame, Paris, facade. 1163-1345
Gothic architecture showing pointed arches at entryway

Amiens Cathedral, interior showing nave, vaulted ceiling, and stained glass window. 1218-1247.  Gothic architecture.

Amiens Cathedral, interior showing nave, vaulted ceiling, and stained glass window. 1218-1247. Gothic architecture.

Giotto, The Lamentation (Mourning of Christ), c.1305. Pre-Renaissance fresco (wall painting)

Giotto, The Lamentation (Mourning of Christ), c.1305. Pre-Renaissance fresco (wall painting)

Simone Martini, Annunciation, 1333. Sienese painter in Byzantine style.

Simone Martini, Annunciation, 1333. Sienese painter in Byzantine style.